The results suggest that punitive techniques such as restorative justice are improving, but there is still room for development. Template:ADR Restorative approaches to crime date back thousands of years (and the term “restorative justice” has appeared in written sources since the first half of the nineteenth century): Restorative justice (sometimes called restorative justice) is an approach to justice that focuses on the needs of victims and perpetrators as well as the community involved. instead of satisfying abstract legal principles or punishing the author. Victims play an active role in the process, while perpetrators are encouraged to take responsibility for their actions “to repair the damage they have caused – by apologizing, returning stolen money or performing community service”.  Restorative justice involves both victims and perpetrators and focuses on their personal needs. In addition, it helps the offender avoid future crimes. It is based on a theory of justice that views crime and wrongdoing as a crime against a person or community, not against the state.  Restorative justice, which promotes dialogue between victim and perpetrator, has the highest rates of victim satisfaction and accountability.  The concept of restorative practices (RP) has its roots in RJ. PR is an emerging area of practice and study dedicated to strengthening social capital and achieving social discipline through participatory learning and decision-making.
RP combines theory, research, and practice in areas such as education, counseling, criminal justice, social work, and organizational management. The unifying hypothesis of restorative practices is that people are happier, more cooperative, and more productive, and are more likely to make positive behavior changes when others do things with them (through collaboration), rather than with them (through coercion) or for them (through independent action). A recent meta-analysis by The Cochrane Collaboration (2013) on the impact of juvenile justice conferences on juvenile delinquency found that there was no significant effect on restorative justice conferences compared to normal court proceedings for the number of re-arrests or monthly recidivism rate. They also noted that there is insufficient high-quality evidence on the effectiveness of restorative justice conferences for young offenders.  Riedl, K., Jensen, K., Call, J., & Tomasello, M. (2015). Restorative justice for children. Curr. 25, 1731–1735. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2015.05.014 An easier way to remember this is the five Rs that make up restorative justice. Can restorative justice be applied in all circumstances? Restorative justice typically involves the victim and the community to support the punishment process, but this is not the case with traditional justice approaches that focus more on the perpetrator than the victims. 85% of victims are satisfied with restorative justice.
Palermo, G. (2013). Restorative Justice: A more comprehensive and humane approach to offenders. International Journal of Perpetrator Therapy and Comparative Criminology. 57(9) 1051-53. DOI:10.1177/0306624X13495009 Victim-perpetrator dialogue (VOD) (also known as victim-perpetrator mediation, victim-perpetrator conference, victim-perpetrator reconciliation, or restorative justice dialogue) is usually a meeting between victim and perpetrator in the presence of one or two trained facilitators. This system usually involves only a few participants and is often the only option available to incarcerated offenders.