The National Council of Black Women issued a statement on the historic significance of Jackson`s appointment, writing: “The appointment of Ketanji Brown Jackson is a turning point for women, for people of African descent and for democracy itself. This proves that centuries of disqualification – being a black woman – no longer exist. The appointment indicates that there is finally an opportunity for all qualified individuals to serve at the highest level of the judiciary in this country. As Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg once said, “We will all benefit from a more diverse and inclusive society that understands, accommodates and even celebrates our differences as we work together for the common good.” “I rejoice for America,” Breyer, who was appointed by President Bill Clinton in 1994, wrote in a statement congratulating Jackson. “Ketanji will interpret the law wisely and fairly and help this law work better for the American people.” Upon confirmation in the USA. Before the Court of Appeal, she wrote about the importance of a robust public defence system. “Having attorneys who can set aside their own personal beliefs about their client`s alleged behavior or their client`s propensity to commit crimes benefits all people in the United States,” she wrote, “because it encourages the government to thoroughly investigate allegations and protect the rights of defendants during criminal proceedings.” Such representation, she said, “reduces the risk of arbitrary or unjustified deprivation of individual liberty.” “The current candidate will be the third of six Supreme Court candidates for whom a gender requirement has been announced in advance. Two Republican presidents have promised to fill a seat with a woman. President Ronald Reagan made a campaign promise in 1980 and President Donald Trump promised to fill Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg`s seat with a woman. And although President George W. Bush did not hold Justice Sandra Day O`Connor`s seat with a woman, his initial appointment was a woman (Harriet Miers). President Biden`s promise is the first such promise made by a Democrat.
President Biden was looking for a candidate with outstanding credentials, unassailable character, and an unwavering commitment to the rule of law. He was also looking for a candidate – much like Justice Stephen Breyer – who is wise and pragmatic, and who has a deep understanding of the Constitution as an enduring charter of liberty. Finally, the president was looking for someone who would advocate for equal justice before the law and understand the profound impact that Supreme Court decisions can have on the lives of the American people. Justice Jackson appears to possess the essential qualities of a Supreme Court justice: a dedication to the rule of law; a commitment to judicial independence; the ability and willingness to work with colleagues whose views and philosophies differ from their own. She also appears to be a sharp and meticulous legal thinker. A graduate of Harvard and Harvard Law School, she served as editor of Law Review and later worked for Judge Stephen G. Breyer, whom Mr. Biden chose to replace him. She served as a judge for eight years before being admitted to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia in 2021.
Justice Jackson also has something in common with five current members of the court. Like Justices John G. Roberts, Elena Kagan, Gorsuch, Kavanaugh and Barrett, Justice Jackson previously served as a clerk of the U.S. Supreme Court. This would bring the total number of former Supreme Court clerks to six – a change in modern appointments. And like Justices Roberts and Kavanaugh, Justice Jackson would replace the judge she worked for, Justice Breyer. He will hear arguments for the first time when the Supreme Court opens its new term on Monday and the conservative-dominated judiciary has shown a growing willingness to wield power on a range of issues. “Today, for the first time, Americans will see a black woman in our nation`s highest court. This is a proud day for America, for our democracy, and especially for black women and women,” White House spokeswoman Karine Jean-Pierre told reporters. Republican presidents have nominated a person of color – Clarence Thomas.
Democratic presidents don`t have a better record because they nominated two people (Justice Thurgood Marshall and Justice Sonia Sotomayor). This candidate will be the third democratic appointment of a person of color. Of the four people of color appointed to the Supreme Court, Democratic presidents will have been responsible for 75% of those appointments. Jackson was sworn in by Roberts, who took the constitutional oath, and Breyer, the judge Jackson once worked for and whose bench she took her place. Jackson, who was nominated by President Joe Biden to succeed Breyer last February, was confirmed by the Senate in April by a vote of 53 to 47. Ketanji Brown Jackson is an exceptional lawyer and person. Brilliant, fair and a true and authentic person. This will be a credit to the Court and to our country. Jackson`s oaths allow him to begin his legal obligations, Roberts said at the ceremony. “She was eager to reach them without further delay,” the Chief Justice said.
Judge Jackson, who currently sits on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, has excellent qualifications to serve on the Supreme Court. His impressive legal career has opened up many opportunities for him; and she has experienced the justice system from every angle – as a federal appeals judge, district judge, vice chair of the U.S. Sentencing Commission, private practitioner, associate public defense attorney, and U.S. Supreme Court employee for Associate Justice Stephen Breyer. His exceptional credentials, integrity and commitment to facts, impartiality, fairness and the rule of law are essential qualities for serving on the Supreme Court. No Supreme Court justice since Thurgood Marshall has significant experience representing impoverished defendants in criminal cases. “I don`t think these kinds of concerns will be enough to convince five of the right-wing justices in many of these cases not to simply use their brutal power to achieve the goals they`re seeking,” said Jonathan Feingold, a professor at Boston University School of Law. “This is not a wound that will heal quickly. The reality is that she`s entering a court that suffered a particularly difficult circumstance in fleeing,” said Megan would, a former Alito legal assistant who now works at the law firm Cooper & Kirk. Of the last 15 appointments to the Supreme Court – since Justice O`Connor`s appointment in 1981 – there have been two people of colour and five women (including Justice O`Connor). Meanwhile, 13 white judges were appointed and 10 men were appointed.
It is important to change these figures to ensure that the members of the Court more accurately reflect the composition of society. Since 1981, women have been what President Jimmy Carter called “one curiosity after another.” Jackson did not discuss the court`s ideological division at the Library of Congress on Friday after his official inauguration, instead focusing on how historically marginalized communities benefit from being elevated to the Supreme Court. Biden chose Jackson to fill the seat of incumbent Justice Stephen Breyer, a longtime member of the moderate to liberal wing of the court. Jackson, who is a former associate of the outgoing judge, is currently a judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit and previously served eight years as a federal district judge in Washington, D.C. Having represented convicted persons as an attorney with the Office of the Federal Defense Attorney for the District of Columbia, she would also be the first public defender to become a Supreme Court justice. President Joe Biden has appointed federal appeals judge Ketanji Brown Jackson (pictured) as a justice to the U.S. Supreme Court, fulfilling his campaign promise to choose an African-American woman for the court. If confirmed, Jackson would be the first black woman to sit on the nation`s highest court. This has implications for the need to give what Chief Justice Rehnquist called a “popular impression” to the necessarily undemocratic judiciary. More frequent appointments serve this purpose by keeping the Court roughly compatible with the majorities in power, as explained here. (Even in the initial phase of more frequent appointments, the Court has sometimes become out of sync. FDR`s inability to replace judges during his first term led to the crisis of occupying the courts.) In general, however, a more frequent change of judges (appointed by the presidents and confirmed by the majorities of the Senate, both representing the majority of the people) helps to ensure that the Court does not stray too far from the mainstream.
President Joe Biden, a Democrat, nominated Jackson to succeed now-retired Liberal Justice Stephen Breyer. The Senate confirmed the federal appeals judge in April, despite widespread opposition from Republicans. Mitch McConnell, the top Republican in the Senate, called Jackson a choice of the “radical left.” From February 1801 to the present, the Court has met in the city of Washington. After using several temporary sites in the United States Capitol, the court moved into a courtroom on the ground floor of the North Wing, where it sat from 1810 to 1860 (except for the years when the courtroom was repaired after the British burned the Capitol in 1814). Today, this room is known as the former chamber of the Supreme Court. From 1860 to 1935, the court met in today`s former Senate chamber. In other words, Democratic presidents have shown a greater willingness to appoint women.